The University of Florida is perhaps most well known in the sports supplement world for the creation of what is one of the all-time most popular sports supplements – Gatorade. And now it seems they are looking to make another advancement in sports nutrition science with the funding of a vested interest. Revalesio is a Tacoma Washington based company that specializes in charge-stabilized nano-structure (CSN) technology. Revalesio has an interesting explanation (and video) on exactly how their technology works at this link (http://revalesio.com/about-our-technology/). While they appear to focus mostly on drug development technologies, they also have a consumer unit that sells a water product called Reliant, or “R Water” for short.
Electrokinetically Modified Water
Researchers at the University of Florida decided (with Revalesio’s funding) to actually put the water to the test and determine if it improved recovery . They specifically wanted to determine if Reliant water could reduce post exercise muscle damage, inflammation, and overall recovery after an intense (isolated) bicep workout.
What is so special about this water?
The water was created from reverse osmosis water (something many households already have if they have a reverse osmosis system). A small amount of minerals were added including:
- 1.84 mg/L Calcium Chloride
- 1.84 mg/mL Magnesium Chloride
- 1.17 mg/mL Potassium Bicarbonate
And finally, the differentiating factor, oxygen at a concentration of at least 45 parts per million or more. They did this by using a diffuser originally designed to treat wastewater . The added oxygen was the only difference between the special water, and the placebo group’s water. Depending on their weight they were then told to consume anywhere between 2 to 6 bottles of 500 mL’s of water per day.
It’s worth nothing the study participant selection. Instead of selecting experienced weight trainees (we can never get lucky can we), they selected physically active men and women, but excluded any that were actively (equal to or greater than 2 times per week) weight training their upper body. They put all participants through a “rigorous” bicep workout. The workout was essentially 3 sets of 20 reps of bicep curls moving the weight as hard as they could (verbally encouraged). They consumed the water for 19 days before this test. And were then monitored for multiple factors including strength, range of motion, soreness, creatine kinase concentrations, etc., over the next three days. There findings summarized:
- Muscle Strength – No significant difference vs. the placebo group
- Muscle Soreness – No significant difference vs. the placebo group
- Range of Motion – R Water significantly improved range of motion during the test recovery period.
- Pain with Elbow Extension – The placebo group experienced significantly higher levels of pain during the test recover period.
- Upper Limb Disability – The placebo group experienced a greater disability 48 and 96 hours post exercise vs. the R Water group.
- Markers of Muscle Damage – Creatine Kinase was significantly lower in the R Water group, indicating a greater degree of recovery.
The authors proclaim the R Water victorious when it comes to improving functional recovery. But they later note it was likely due to down regulation of inflammatory responses (something we have heard from many supplements).
Is this a good supplement?
I’ll let you decide that question. I should note that R Water costs $100.00 for 32 bottles of 16.9oz of water. To match the effects found in this study a 220lb male would need 6 bottles per day, for 23 days. Over the course of 23 days that is 138 bottles. That means in 23 days it would cost the same male approximately $431.25. Currently I pay about $0.00 for my water. So what do you think? Is it a good supplement?
 P. A. Borsa, K. L. Kaiser, and J. S. Martin, “Oral Consumption of Electrokinetically Modified Water Attenuates Muscle Damage and Improves Post-Exercise Recovery,” J. Appl. Physiol., Apr. 2013.
 N. L. Wootan and A. B. Wood, “Diffuser/emulsifier,” U.S. Patent US6386751 B114-May-2002.